diplomaservices @ copyservices.de
Kalkulation Abschlussarbeit

Guidebook: Printing dissertations

When a dissertation is nearly completed, the great questions of printing occur. Often combined with a irritatingly definite period.
At this very point this little guide­book is supposed to join in and help, it contains a cross section of dialogues we've had with our customers throughout the years, so it contains answers to the customarily asked questions.

Printing

B/w and colour print

Our filecheck displays amount and number of counted coloured pages in a template file. Since coloured prints are clearly more expensive than b/w prints, sometimes it is thought a bit longer about having some pages containing pigment printed black and white.
This is done very easily by switching to complete b/w mode, maybe with a coloured title page only. However, if this is also considered for enclosed pages, it is absolutely recommended to convert these pages into greyscale already in the original file. Mostly concerned are included graphics, converting the colour depth to grey scale via 'edit' function of every customary graphical software will do. This applies particularly for scans, they often contain pigments invisible to the naked eye.
Of course it is also possible to deliver the corresponding page numbers (always use the internal page number at the lower screen of the pdf-file, not the paging of the document, please) requesting rededication, but at this point usually so much extra handling time is needed that this marginalises the cost saving. To make things worse, it is no longer possible to print by the pile, which has a negative effect on the concision of the resulting print sets.

Single- or both-sided printing

Sometimes already external forces like the capacity of the chosen binding type or requirements of the examination authority lead to both-sided printing.
A further consideration might be the price of 100g or 120g paper, though paper usually has a weak effect on the total.
Single-sided printing ist standard, we don't have an explanation for this, maybe the reason can be found in the following paragraph.

Both-sided printing
If you want to choose both-sided printing, you should mention that already from the start. Most word-processing programs offer this mode already at document setup and thereby decrease author's worries, a subsequent modification usually doesn't run without loss.
Of particular importance is the right-placed paging, this is simplified by page numbers positioned in the center.
The predetermined margin left blank always has to be placed on the right side.

Page adjustment

Seiten­anpassung Our standard is printing with page adjustment.
Background: Printing always spares a framing blank margin of a few milli­meters (otherwise toner powder would be thrown into the machine). Printing without page adjustment could cause cropped elements near this edge.
Using page adjustment the page is scaled down to about 97% before printing, so content is complete extant at any rate.
Seiten­anpassung In case printing without page adjustment should be necessary, please inform us.

Blank pages

Especially in case of both-sided, but also of one-sided printing applies: If a page is to be left blank (often necessary in both-sided printing in order to let the next chapter start on the right), it has to be an integrated blank page in the document. Usually there's an extra function for preventing a paging of these pages.

Paper

Standard in dissertation printing is a coated 100g paper. Coating compacts the surface in order to gain a very fine and clear print image, worth considering especially concerning graphics.

Printing without graphics can also get along with our 80g paper, which due to its high fibre density haptically hardly differs from 100g paper. Also the degree of whiteness is nearly identical. Since the surface isn't coated accessorily, prints fray a little bit more, which is less noticeable on font than on graphics.

120g paper is the Porsche among document printing paper, something impressing. In order to guarantee an optimal print image, the surface is coated, similar to 100g paper, but thanks to the 1.2-fold thickness it seems even whiter. The 100g paper is opaque too, but if you test one of it lying on another plain and another one on a printed sheet, the one on the printed sheet (or one with a printed back side) will seem a bit greyish. This effect is avoided with 120g paper.
It also differs from the other paper haptically, it is that heavyweight, customers sometimes test whether they have possibly caught two sheets.
120g paper is already too stiff for usage in glued bonds, on browsing the pressure among adjoining sheets is so high they'd like to escape, so they tend to detach themselves from the glue in the spine.

Recycled paper

In order to decrease the ecological footprint we offer two types of uncoated 80g recycled paper with the ecolabel 'Blue Angel':

One has to stay fair at this point: With a Blue Angel much less degree of chemistry used for bleaching, smoohting, thickening or even coating is available, so a paper with this label can't match a premium paper like Double A. A bright white recycled paper easily bears comparison with customary 80g paper made of fresh fibre, but looking at it lying on a Double A paper in a very oblique angle, you can identify a difference. Same with opacity, which is about 94% at the Double Aand about 85% at bright white recycled paper. This slightly higher porosity isn't visible to the naked eye, the recycled paper just seems a little bit thinner.

Paper in excess of 130g is not advisable for the purpose of printing books, heavier paper gets in the range of cardboard.

Binding

Amount of pages

Sometimes the type of binding is already determined by available capacities:
up to 125 sheets / 250 pages both-sided
on 80- oder 100g paper
hardcover, softcover, glued bond, spiral
up to 105 sheets / 210 pages both-sided
on 120g paper
up to 250 sheets / 500 pages both-sided
on 80g or 100g paper
hardcover, glued bond, spiral
up to 210 sheets / 420 pages both-sided
on 120g paper
up to 270 sheets / 540 pages both-sided
on 80g or 100g paper
hardcover, glued bond
up to 225 sheets / 450 pages both-sided
on 120g paper
up to 280 sheets / 560 pages both-sided
on 80g or 100g paper
glued bond
Amounts beyond these limits are often splitted where content is qualified for separation, so that e.g. appendices are bound apart.
If the amount of pages lies just slightly over limitation and single-sided printing is favoured, it is worth considering minimizing the amount of sheets by printing only particular parts in both-sided mode.

Durability

Since our paper is wood-free and laser prints are everlasting, it depends primarily on the type of binding whether a dissertation delights over the years.

The most durable type of binding by far is of course the hardcover, only direct solar irradiation can cause damage to its colour, in other respects this type of binding is nearly indestructible. We compress several times, so the sheets lying in the steel rail are stuck to each other maximally.
Überstand Cover The cover itself is slightly oversized, this helps protecting the sheets and avoids signs of wear.

All of these benefits are also provided by the softcover, but the cover is flexible, therefore much thinner and therefore more vulnerable. The front is made up of plastic foil, this can dry out and get fracturable over time.

The most fugacious of the offered binding types is the glued bond. The reason for this is on the one hand the nature of things, glue is just less durable than mechanic procedures, on the other hand the flexibility, the strap on the spine consists of fabric and glue, this keeps sheets together indeed, but it can't resist higher strain, even less being treated improper (and examinants too take the bait of leveling opened books with their thenar much too often).
The stability of glued bonds decreases with increasing binding size.
If glued bond isn't prescribed, it is absolutely recommended to think about the softcover as an alternative.

More practical than durable is the metallic spiral, this binding is also more affected by the bound paper than the other way round, so if paper warps over time, the spiral will deform. However, use can hardly cause damage to this type of binding.

Front foil

front foil glossy and matt compared Front foils are offered in glossy or frosted style. Matt foils seem like sand-blasted. Glossy foils are standard, but the matt ones are more convenient. Damages and signs of wear are much less conspicuous on matt foil.
Matt foils are contact-transparent, which means they look a bit milky, but when they touch the print lying behind they show every detail of it. front foil glossy and matt compared

Embossing

Embossing is always a wise decision as far as upgrading is concerned, combined with a hardcover already in order to avoid a down­grading: If an examinant can't distinguish front from back, perhaps even opens it on the wrong side, easily a diffuse feeling of "Someone saved money in the wrong place" occurs.

embossing with character blocks The lettering of embossed covers is generated of single characters casted in metal blocks. These metal blocks are greatly heated and then burned into the cover.
Because these blocks are only delivered in standard character sets, graphics or all too special characters can't be embossed.
embossing with character blocks You have the opportunity to test various letterings in our schematic hardcover configuration, varying character amplitudes are already considered.

embossing skips If textured, especially leather textured, paperboard shall be embossed, you have to consider that embossing takes place on just one level, thus on spots where texture is worked in very deeply remains a fine gap in the embossing, it doesn't become illegible though. It's a matter of taste, some find it stylish, for others it looks like a blemish.

embossing skips

Hardcovers can also be embossed on the spine, but only with a binding capacity of at least 60 sheets of standard paper, because beneath this capacity the minimal character height of 6mm isn't reached. In case a spine embossing is indispensable, special board straps can be used to fill the gap, but they don't necessarily brighten up the binding.
hardcover one-piece and three-part Including a spine embossing a hardcover no longer consistes of just one framed cover but of three assembled pieces. This is not recognizable at first sight, only at examining the junctions viewed from the flat side.

hardcover one-piece and three-part

CDs

At fabrication the pdf template, which has also been printed, is burnt on a blank CD and the outcome is controlled.
In case a further version in another file format is desired, it is no problem to have that done. However, if whole folders, graphic collections or similar are to be burnt, it is temporal not manageable to check all these files for operation success, therefore we usually opt out at three files to burn.

inssribed CDs

Blank CDs are covered with a white label, which is inscribed on demand. Further design options such as graphics or coloured accentuations are not available.
For inscription three blocks are available, one in boldface on the upper half and two more on the lower one. In this process font size and text length are automatically adjusted. So theoretically the text could be of any length, practically font becomes unreadable at about 150 characters per block.

inssribed CDs

Period of production

Our guaranteed period of production amounts two hours starting on order receipt. This period contains all imponderabilities and tolerances, therefore the guarantee.
In particular cases it is possible that production passes off faster or is downgraded in the first place. In particular cases.
In case a friend reported such an event to you without mentioning that this was an exception, you can be sure: We did mention it to him.

Because our production hours are located outside our opening hours, the indicated period of two hours refers not just to the opening hours, but to the hours of production. For example it ist possible to place an order at 7 p.m. and pick it up at store opening next day.

Upon completion

Replacing pages

In case a slipped-in mistake is mentioned after production and single pages have to be replaced, this is possible once with soft- or hardcover. Once, because binding quality is adversely and considerably affected at second time, sometimes even the cover.
This kind of replacement doesn't cause material costs, but expenses of reworking have to be charged. If the cover shouldn't be usable anymore, the content (except for outer sheets) can still be saved, so that binding costs accrue, but no further costs for printing or paper.
In case of metallic spirals, the spiral has to be unfixed, expenses are incurred for a new binding and the additional work.
No replacement is possible in case of glued bonds, they have to be manufactured a second time.

Waved paper

If bonded paper develops waves subsequently, it has become damp (which happens easily to a hygroscopic material like paper, there­fore we deliver in card­board boxes and paper bags).
Relief: Take the material into the bath­room while showering, after­wards weight it down evenly and intensely, then let it dry thoroughly in an arid environment at room temperature(!).


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